This page is dedicated to the differences involved in flying single engine turbine airplanes. The information presented is broad-stroke application to this specific variety of airplane. Each airplane will have its own specifics. In short, know what’s best for your type of airplane.
Single Engine Flameouts (SFOs)
Modern-day turbine engines are very reliable. That does not mean they never fail though. Any pilot who flies should be prepared for the worst. If your turbine engine dies on you there are several procedures you want to be very proficient at so you can either get the engine running again (if that is a possible choice) or land safely, preferably on a runway. If the engine does not die but is having serious problems or failure is expected (e.g. loss of oil pressure), then you likely want to fly a Precautionary Emergency Landing (PEL). Either way, the pattern is the same.
Here is an example of an emergency landing pattern. This is pretty typical for SE turbines. Knowing High Key and Low Key is crucial. One difference of note with the graphic below is that I recommend you aim for 1/3 down the runway. This way if your glide is off and comes up a little short you still have pavement underneath you. If you do this correctly then you can still land on the first 1/3 of the runway. If you are in a turboprop with a dead or malfunctioning engine then remember you may not have reverse thrust to slow you down. Also consider when to put gear down. I usually wait until downwind for gear.
I was amazed to find out that not all single engine turbine aircraft owners are taught a SFO/PEL pattern. If you have never been taught this then I suggest you find someone who can teach you and get out there and learn it well. Being able to fly a pattern like this, and being able to intercept some portion of the pattern if your altitude is to low to fly the entire pattern, is a must!
More info to come…